Environmental protection in SŽDC setting
Environment may be defined in various ways, e.g. as a complex of all external conditions, biotic and abiotic that surround an individual, population or other living systems of higher order and provide them with all aspects necessary for natural existence and produce a complex, integrated and dynamic bidirectional system that is the prerequisite for further evolution of all organisms. Man is a part of natural and cultural (artificial) eco-systems and cannot exist without them.
Environmental pollution is a result of systematic or ill-considered civilization activity of man. It includes any introduction of foreign physical, chemical or biological substance and factors, disruption of natural biotopes and decrease of biodiversity, leading to destabilization of eco-systems. Activities which are a threat to the environment unfortunately also include the transport, whereas the railway is justly considered a means of sustainable mobility. Even here there are, however, a number of environmental problems related to environmental issues.
Environmental protection is one of the basic conditions of the existence of human society; it is a systematic activity, regulated by international agreements, bilateral and multilateral interstate agreements and legal regulations of individual states. European Community gives top priority to those issues and directs environmental protection with extensive system of legal regulations.
The main tasks of SŽDC in the field of environmental protection include in particular:
- meeting legal obligations in the field of individual environmental factors
- continuous elimination of the past impacts of the railway on the environment and decrease of burdens on the environment incurred by current sources of pollution (including e.g. dealing with leakage of hazardous material in the environment, old noise pressure)
- focus on environmental protection with prepared projects in the area of railway infrastructure
SŽDC pays due attention to all environmental aspects so that its operation should not represent a threat or damage to the environment or public health. Specific outputs of our activity may be described as progressive change of heating units at boiler houses, as the air pollution sources, restriction of waste production with the emphasis on the increase of recycling share and implementation of anti-noise measures during railway infrastructure modernization.